Comprehensive Local Actions

Site Planning and Landscape Design

Enhancements to the Building Envelope

Modifications to Existing Buildings

Building Operations

Emerging Technologies

Comprehensive Local Actions

OBJECTIVE: Identify and document specific sites and districts that are in predictable migratory and resident bird collision areas. Promote bird-friendly policies and activities in those areas. Raise awareness of the bird collision issue.

Support voluntary efforts to conduct district-wide, daily surveys that are based on peer-reviewed scientific protocols for injured and dead birds resulting from building collisions:
Conduct surveys in major business or residential districts near waterfronts, parks and other habitats that are attractive to birds.
Encourage local conservation groups to compile data on the mortality rate and injury rate of bird collisions.
Instruct volunteer monitors in methods of temporarily caring for injured birds before transporting them to certified wildlife rehabilitators.
Donate dead specimens to authorized bird conservation organizations or museums to aid in species identification and to benefit scientific study, as per the Migratory Bird Treaty Act of 1918.
Produce educational materials on bird-safe practices for public officials, building owners and operators, and the general public.
Advocate for appropriate, cost-effective building or site changes at bird collision 'hot spots'.

Develop district wide Lights-Out Programs:
  • Encourage building owners and managers to extinguish all unnecessary exterior and interior lights from 11pm to sunrise during the spring migration, from mid-March to early June, and the fall migration, from late August to late October.
  • Encourage building operators to use gradual, "staggered switching" to turn on building lights at sunrise rather than instant light-up of the entire building.
  • Monitor the effectiveness of lights out programs. Estimate reductions in district-wide energy usage, light emissions, bird collisions, and bird mortality.
  • Publicize results and expand participation.
Develop planning mechanisms to encourage bird-friendly development and building operation:
  • Integrate maps of predictable bird-hazard zones (e.g. where migratory and resident bird collisions are prevalent) into the planning process.
  • Consider integrating bird-hazard [districts into local zoning ordinances.
  • Consider zoning or financial incentives to encourage bird-safe building design and operation.
  • Promote implementation of bird-safety measures in publicly funded parks, infrastructure and facility capital projects.
  • Promote the local use of bird-safe design methods to achieve a LEED Rating System Credit
  • Develop funding mechanisms for bird-safe products research and development.
+ Educates public on bird-safe practices.
+ Improves bird safety on a district wide or city-wide scale.
+ Encourages local market forces to facilitate industry change.
+ Complements local green building initiatives.
+ Reduces light pollution and results in energy savings.
- Requires systematic data on bird-collisions and mortality to achieve effectiveness.
- Depends on real estate industry acceptance and initiative.
- May require implementation of effective policy measures (incentives or regulatory) to help overcome general resistance to change, based on perceived cost increases.

Sustainable Sites (SS) Credit 5.1: Site Development: Protect or Restore Habitat.
Sustainable Sites (SS) Credit 5.2: Site Development: Maximize Open Space.

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